ADOLESCENT ACNE
Adolescent acne is characterized by chronic inflammation of the skin. The first signs of acne are usually seen during puberty (ages 11 or
12, with cessation at 18 or 20). When there is an increase in hormone production, the sebaceous glands are stimulated to produce
excessive amounts of sebum (oil). Acne begins when a hair follicle produces cells that stick together so tightly that they cannot be shed.
These cells mix with other skin materials, such as pigment and bacteria that stick together and form a plug. This plug is called a
comedone (blackhead). The sebaceous gland continues to produce sebum (oil). Frequently the follicle bursts or leaks, forming a papule
or pimple. As the follicle releases its contents into the surrounding tissue, inflammation occurs and the area surrounding the pimple
becomes red and swollen. White blood cells enter the tissue, causing it to liquefy, forming pus. It is not known why some people develop
acne while others do not. Acne lesions affect an adolescent’s self esteem, and if left neglected, can cause permanent scars and pits.
OILY SKIN
Oily skin is characterized by an over production of sebum (oil). A combination of factors contribute to oily skin. These factors may be
hormone imbalance or a change in hormone levels, and hot, humid climates which may stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more
sebum. The oily skin has enlarged pores (follicles) that may be filled with dirt, dead tissue and sebum. Oily skin is more prone to pimples
and blemishes.

ENLARGED PORES
Pores generally become enlarged because blackheads, sebum (oil) deposits, dead cells, makeup and other debris fill and stretch the
pores. Enlarged pores cannot be made smaller; however, with deep cleansing and the right products, the pores may tighten and appear
smaller leaving them less noticeable.
ACNE/DISORDERS OF THE SEBACEOUS GLANDS
ADULT ACNE
By re-examining our client population the assumption that acne mainly affects mostly adolescent males has been challenged. Studies
have shown in the 1990s the incident of acne increased in adult women well into their 20s, 30s and even 40s. Hormonal changes,
pregnancy, oral contraceptives, and family history are among the many aggravating factors, which influence the development of acne.
Studies have shown that stress is the most common aggravating cause in 75% of adult women. Increases in hormone levels caused by
chronic stress subsequently lead to an increase in inflammatory nodules. Picking the acne lesions seems to increase when under stress,
increasing the spread of bacterial infections. Cosmetics are less problematic today as more noncomedogenic products are now available.
However, certain hair sprays, conditioners and moisturizers contain ingredients that may cause problems to acne sufferers. Acne therapy
usually involves ice compresses to decrease inflammation, Alpha and Beta hydroxy acids, enzymes and vitamin A. These products kill
bacteria, and are also follicular irritants sloughing out the impacted cells from the pores. We also address hyperpigmentation related to
acne scarring. Our clients’ dietary habits are also assessed. While professional facials can also be helpful, most important is client
commitment to diligently use recommended products as directed.
HOME CARE FOR ACNE/DISORDERS OF THE SEBACEOUS GLANDS
A.M.
P.M.
(avoid eyes)
(entire eye area)
(for dark spots)
(may alternate with Radiant Cleanser)