HYPERPIGMENTATION
Hyperpigmentation is abnormally increased pigmentation (color) of the skin. Special cells called melanocytes produce pigment
granules, which are scattered throughout the basal layer of the epidermis (the top layer of the skin). Through a complex process
melanocytes produce a chemical compound called melanin, the protein responsible for skin color. Heredity determines the basic
skin color (light or dark). People of different races have approximately the same number of melanocytes, but they are more active
in dark-skinned people. Lighter skin has fewer melanocyte pigment cells. This added melanin in darker skin provides greater
protection from the ultra violet rays of the sun, premature aging of the skin, and incidents of certain types of skin cancer. Other
factors can modify the genetic effect of skin color. Sunlight is the most obvious factor - prolonged exposure causes melanocytes
to increase melanin production and darken skin color. So, too, does an excess of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) or an
excess of melanocyte - stimulating hormone (MSH), two of the hormones secreted by the anterior pituitary gland. Contraceptives
or pregnancy, psoriasis, blood pressure medication, etc., can also induce hyperpigmentation. Changes in skin pigment are
significantly more common in persons of medium skin pigment (Asians, Hispanics, light-skinned blacks). Hyperpigmentation has
been successfully treated utilizing sun protection, Hydroquinone, Kojec Acid, Retinolic Acids, skin peeling, vitamin C or a
combination of the above.
HOME CARE FOR HYPERPIGMENTATION
A.M.
P.M.
(entire eye area)
(use 4 per week)
- for dark spots
(if skin is dry)
(entire eye area)
(use 4 times per week)
(use 3 times per week)